According to the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, more than 11 million surgical and nonsurgical cosmetic procedures were undertaken in 2013 alone. Since 1997, there has been a 279% increase in the total number of cosmetic procedures.
Is this recent surge of surgery due to the ubiquity of medical advancements and lower costs of procedures, or are societal pressures surrounding beauty/body image shifting and intensifying?
To explore these complicated notions of self-perception and modification we asked those closest to the knife's edge—from psychologists and plastic surgeons to those who chose cosmetic surgery—to weigh-in on this question.
Here's what they had to say.